Fitness is a state of overall well-being and health and, in particular, the capacity to do daily activities, jobs and sports without limitation. Fitness is usually achieved through regular physical activity, proper nutrition and adequate sleep. All these components are natural and can be easily achieved by individuals who are committed to living the healthy lifestyle. Fitness involves the whole body, not just the skeletal system, because an unfit body lacks flexibility and energy and is at a higher risk for diseases.
The concept of fitness has been around for many years but it is only now with the emergence of the concept of six fitness components that its true essence is recognized and brought to widespread attention. Fitness therefore entails not just physical strength, but also overall health that can be achieved by adopting healthy lifestyle practices. Health-related concepts like fitness, health, disease prevention, fitness evaluation, healthy aging, and weight control are part of the larger field known as general health. There are many factors that affect fitness, including genetics, gender, life style, overall health, medical history, and environment.
Fitness is influenced by genetics, where some people are naturally fit while others are not, or where the genetic predisposition towards poor fitness manifests early. Fitness is affected by gender, with women usually having lower levels of fitness compared to men, or vice versa. For those who do not practice regular exercise, fitness level declines over time because they do not have a regular routine of physical fitness exercises, or they are unable to incorporate cardiovascular exercises into their daily life. As we age, the need for exercise decreases because physical fitness helps in preventing the development of certain types of diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases and osteoporosis.
Another important factor that influences fitness level is physical fitness, which refers to the ability of the body to move effectively. Aerobic exercise has been shown to improve cardiovascular fitness through the improvement of the heart’s pumping capacity, which improves circulation and minimizes blood clots, which may lead to strokes and heart attacks. Aerobic exercise also improves overall body strength through resistance training, which increases muscle size and strength, while at the same time reducing body fat and increasing muscle mass.
Physical fitness largely affects body composition, where leaner persons tend to have higher percentages of body fat compared to heavier people. It is important to maintain a desirable body weight and body fat percentage as a strategy for improving physical performance and staying healthy. Aerobic endurance, muscular endurance, and muscular power are all important in maintaining good health. Muscular endurance specifically helps athletes perform at high levels by improving the body’s ability to sustain high intensity workouts over a long period of time.
Staying active is another key component of staying physically fit. Studies show that being inactive can lead to high blood pressure, increased risk of heart attack, stroke, and diabetes. Inactivity can also lead to decreased quality of life, poor concentration, and poor memory. Therefore, it is essential to be physically active for overall health. Learning a variety of exercises, such as walking, swimming, jogging, biking, or playing sports will help you stay active and keep your mind and body fit.